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8 Figure 1. Population scenarios A. Size of population Millions B. Dependency ratio Per cent Young - low life expectancy, high fertility, high net migration Medium/REFERENCE - medium life expectancy, medium fertility, medium net migration Old - high life expectancy, low fertility, low net migration C. Population by age and sex Thousand persons Men Women Population aged 0-19 and 65 and over divided by population aged Source: Demographic Institute of the Central Statistical Office.

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10 DQG SHULRGV IRU SODFHPHQW LQ QXUVLQJ KRPHV KDYH JURZQ VLJQLILFDQWO\ DQG LQ XQPHW GHPDQG IRU QXUVLQJKRPHSODFHVDQGLQSDWLHQWJHULDWULFFDUHZDVWZLFHDVKLJKDVDYDLODEOHFDSDFLW\ Figure 2. Demography and employment A. Employment paths Millions Population Working-age population Improved employment rates (1) Stable employment rates (2) B. Employment divided by population aged Per cent Improved employment rates (1) Stable employment rates (2) Assumes that Hungarian age-sex participation rates rise to Austrian levels by 2010 and continue to improve afterwards as female participation rises to 90 per cent of male levels. 2. Assumes cohort-specific employment rates remain unchanged at their 1999 levels. Source: OECD; Demographic Institute of the Central Statistical Office.

11 Figure 3. Employment/population ratios for men and women A. Youth, years 2 Per cent OECD average France Belgium Italy Korea Greece Poland Luxembourg Spain Hungary Finland Czech Republic Turkey Japan Portugal Sweden Ireland Germany Mexico Canada New Zealand Austria Norway United States Australia United Kingdom Netherlands Switzerland Iceland Denmark 90 B. Prime-aged, years Per cent OECD average Turkey Spain Italy Mexico Greece Korea Hungary Ireland Poland Australia Belgium Luxembourg France New Zealand Germany Japan Canada United Kingdom Finland Netherlands Portugal Austria United States Czech Republic Sweden Denmark Switzerland Norway Iceland 90 C. Older, years Per cent OECD average Hungary Belgium Luxembourg Italy Austria Poland France Spain Netherlands Czech Republic Germany Greece Finland Turkey Ireland Australia Canada United Kingdom Portugal Denmark Mexico New Zealand United States Korea Japan Sweden Norway Switzerland Iceland for Greece and Poland for Iceland, Norway, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom and United States. Source: OECD Employment Outlook 2000.

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